The Roles of Online Counsellors In Handling Anxiety Disorders
Anxiety disorder is described as a condition where an individual has extreme anxiety which is an unpleasant state of inner turmoil together with some nervous behavior such as pacing back and forth as well as a fast heart rate and is one condition among many other mental disorders. The online counsellors are more accessible and convenient to the patients. Fear is also common in people suffering from anxiety disorder where he/she may have a feeling of perceived danger or threat causing some changes in metabolic and organ function as well as ultimate change of behavior. Drugs and substance use, medical conditions such as endocrine disease which leads to hyperactivity of the nervous system and life stresses are some of the causes of anxiety disorder. There are other causes of anxiety disorder which include genetics where there is a family history of mental disorder and other risk factors in an individual’s environment such as child abuse, poverty as well as persistence of anxiety. Diagnosing an individual with anxiety disorder requires at least six months of observation of certain symptoms related to anxiety disorder such as headache, sweating, hypertension and muscle spasms among others. Early diagnosis of anxiety disorders are easily solved by online counselors
The different types of anxiety disorder include generalized anxiety disorder, specific phobia, social anxiety disorder, separation anxiety disorder, agoraphobia, a panic disorder as well as selective mutism. Long-lasting anxiety which is not focused on any object or situation with an individual experiencing persistent fear and worry with great concern on everyday matter is observed in individuals suffering from generalized anxiety disorder. Specific phobia only occurs when the concerned individual comes across a specific condition or stimulus which can be an animal or a fluid. Panic disorders are usually as a result of stress, fear or exercise which causes abrupt fear and discomfort peaking in a few minutes lasting for some hours leading to trembling, shaking, confusion and even nausea and difficulty in breathing. Social anxiety disorder is where an individual is always worried in places where there are gatherings fearing negative public scrutiny, embarrassment, humiliation as well as the normal social interaction. Separation anxiety disorder is triggered by a person being separated from certain places as well as people. Selective mutism is similar to social anxiety disorder where an individual is unable to speak in certain locations as well as to specific people.
Anxiety disorder can be treated through lifestyle and behavior change, medication together with therapy. Lifestyle and behavior change includes practices such as stopping drug and substance abuse, ensuring the sleep patterns are regular as well as doing some exercises. Anxiety disorder can also be treated with cognitive behavioral therapy that is guided by a trained online counselor which enables one to develop personal coping strategies and improves cognition, behaviors and emotional regulation. Using the internet so as to check out for online counsellors who are able to offer free or charged therapy services is important in managing anxiety disorders. It is also important to follow the directives of the counselors so as to manage anxiety disorder.