Importance Of A Medical Laboratory
A medical laboratory or also known as a clinical laboratory is a laboratory where the tests for the clinical specimens will took place in order to get the information on the health of a patient. You should know that clinical laboratories are concentrating on the production like basis in applied science not like the research laboratories that are focusing on the academic basis in basic science.
Laboratory medicine is usually divided into two departments and each of the department will be divided into a number of units. This article will provide you with the two departments below.
Anatomic pathology – the units under this department are the cytopathology, electron microscopy, and histopathology. A person can study each unit in a single course, academically. There are other courses that are related in this department and they are pathology, physiology, pathophysiology, and histology.
Clinical pathology that includes the following:
Clinical microbiology – this surrounds five different units of science. The units included here are mycology, immunology, parasitology, virology, and bacteriology.
Clinical chemistry – the instrumental analysis of blood components, endocrinology, toxicology, and enzymology, are the units that are included in this section.
Hermatology – the manual and automated analysis of blood cells are under this section. The two subunits in this section are the blood bank and coagulation.
Genetics is studied also alongside a subspecialty which is the cytogenetics.
Reproductive biology – the units in this section include the assisted reproductive technology, sperm bank, and semen analysis.
The distribution of clinical laboratories to each health institutions will be different from place to place. An example for this is that some health institutions will have one lab intended for microbiology while some will not have a lab for microbiology but will have different labs for each unit.
Below are a detailed analysis on the responsibilities of the laboratory equipments for urinalysis and hermatology.
You should know that any clinical specimen can be received by microbiology like the possible infected tissue, synovial fluids, cerebrospinal fluid, sputum, blood, urine, feces, and swabs. The main task here is focused with cultures, to find out the suspected pathogens that will be further identified with several biochemical tests if found. A pathogen will also undergo a sensitivity test in order to find out if it is resistant or sensitive to a given medicine. Results will be reported together with the determined organism or organisms, and the type and quantity of drugs that will be given to a patient.
Different types of medical laboratories
In a lot of countries, there are two main types of medical laboratories that will process most of the medical specimens. Hospitals have hospital laboratories where the tests for the patients will be done. Private laboratories will analyze the samples from insurance companies, clinical research sites, health clinics, and general practitioners. There are so many websites that can provide you with more information about medical laboratories, just click here for more.